Aquarium Filters and Your Fish’s Happiness
They say your home is your castle, and the same is true for your fish. As careful as you are picking out things for your home, you must be equally choosy about what your fish have in their home.
What most people forget is that they are duplicating an underwater marine environment with all its beauty and complexity which must be tightly controlled. This means keeping the water clean, free of hazards, correct levels of chemicals and microorganisms, as well as aesthetics.
One of the key ingredients to this complex mix are aquarium filters and filtering systems. While aquarium filters can do much of the work, water must be cleaned regularly to get rid of fungi, changed completely at times, and PH levels checked and maintained.
Currently there are three aquarium filtration methods available. They are
- mechanical filtration
- chemical filtration
- biological filtration.
Biological filtration is probably the most important method of filtering aquarium water. It is used to keep the quality of the water at it’s highest level, and is achieved by raising “good” bacteria which grow on filters and work by digesting and metabolizing waste products from your fish.
Chemical filtration systems treat the water with chemicals that get rid of harmful material from the water. Generally this is done through the use of carbon and zeolite embedded into the filters.
With mechanical filtration, the filters remove larger size material by allowing them to collect on the filter itself.
There are many different size aquarium filters available, and you will find one that will fit in with the size tank you have along with the type of fish you are keeping. Common is the box filter which is a plastic box in which filter carbon and floss are kept, and which is hooked up to an air pump. You will find this in simple home aquarium setups.
The underground filter or UGF are placed about an inch under the gravel of the tank. The filter is hooked up to an air pump and is always kept working. Canister filters hang on the side of the tank and contain an internal pump which is connected to a sealed container which traps waste from the water. Want to get more info or buy than visit Canister Filters reviews post for best buying guide and tips.
There is also something called a fluidized bed filter which, similar to a canister filters, hang on the side of the tank. They work by pumping water up and back into the water through fluidized materials.
Wheel filters are placed in the back of the aquarium tank. They use a tube to siphon the water, drawing it up, and then allowing it to draw back into the tank. This water is drained through a pad containing carbon, sponge, floss, or zeolite. This type of filter allows bacteria to grow on it, which then processes waste from the water. These filters need constant attention with filter pads needing changing every three to four weeks. The tube used to siphon the water also needs to be cleaned often.
Sponge filters need to be used when there are baby fish in your aquarium. This helps protect small and delicate fish from being sucked up and into the filter. The sponge also acts as a source of food as plankton, which the baby fish eat, grows perfectly well on it. You need to be careful not to put these filters on the bottom of the tank, as baby fish can get trapped easily.
Aquarium filters are one of the most important accessories you can have, so speak with your pet shop expert and choose which one fits your fish, tank and budget.